These photos were taken of the MacDowell Lake in Peterborough, NH on May 20, 2017 with Linda’s Alcatel a30 cellphone.
Edward MacDowell Lake in Peterborough, Nh
Last month my integrated science class assignment to write a paper on a Natural Resource. I chose a resource in my local so I could visit the place first hand to complete my research which was written in MLA style.
I have yet to discover which writing style is more welcome in the blogging community. Between MLA, APA, and CMS, I prefer MLA. If anyone can correct me on the proper blogging style, please do.
There is a man-made lake in Hillsborough County that is the focus of this research. The lake is Edward MacDowell Lake in Peterborough, NH. Built for flood control in the Monadnock area. Flood control began back in 1907 when a flood overtook Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania killing residents and destroying buildings and property bringing about the first Flood Control Act of 1917. Approximately 40 more years would pass before the Edward MacDowell Dam would be built.
Details follow about the Physical Geography and the natural resources found in Hillsborough County. The founders of the MacDowell Colony are a central focal behind the cultural aspect of the lake for inspiration and experiencing nature enhancing the need for the natural environment of Edward MacDowell Lake. The technology surrounding the usage of the dam allows for those in charge of water flow to make the appropriate decisions when to release water and when to shut the dam gates. Concluding the research is what happened in American society that made Congress act.
Edward MacDowell Lake in Peterborough, New Hampshire was formed by building a dam by the US Army Corps of Engineers in March of 1948 for flood control for not only Peterborough but also several other towns such as Hancock, Bennington, Antrim, Deering, Hillsboro, and Henniker which all reside on the Contoocook River. (Engineers)
14 miles east of Keene, New Hampshire on the Nubanusit Brook in Peterborough is where the dam was built to create the lake. Edward MacDowell Lake is an earthfill dam. It has a stone slope of 1,100 feet long, and it is 67 feet high with a gated concrete conduit that is approximately seven feet wide and seven feet high and 275 feet long. The chute spillway that is cut in rock is not adjacent to the dam which is an unusual feature. Instead, the spillway for the lake is located 3.2 miles northeast at Halfmoon Pond. The spillway flows from the pond into Ferguson Brook and then into the Contoocook River. (Engineers)
The lake is 165 acres with a maximum depth of approximately seven feet. But yet, parts of Hancock, Dublin, and Harrisville are included in the 840 acres of flood storage area which can store about 4.2 billion gallons of water which include 1,469 acres of land. (Engineers)
The soil makeup of the Monadnock region where MacDowell Lake resides consists of well-drained soils that derive from granite and gneiss which are on side slopes of hills and ridges. These slopes range from 3 to 35 percent. The soil tends to be stony fine sandy loam in the Peterborough, New Hampshire area depending upon the grade of the slope. 0 – 4 grade is found to be very bouldering fine sandy loam. 4 – 28 grade, which is the majority make up of the Peterborough, the area consists of fine sand loam that is cobbly. A 28 – 60 grade slope consists of gravelly loamy fine sand. The minerals found in this area is made mostly of granite. The soil in this region is suited to drought-tolerant conifers and hardwoods of red oaks and white pine. Adding manure and mixing crop residue such as compost will help to conserve moisture and maintain the soil tilth. Most crops consist of pasture or hay. The large stones lower the desirability of farmland and main crops. (Handler)
Edward MacDowell Lake is a Federal Park land and is part of the Merrimack River basin. The park offers hiking, picnicking, fishing, equestrian trails, biking, and boating. Other State Parks in the Monadnock region are Annett Wayside Park, Greenfield State Park, Miller State Park, Monadnock State Park, Pisgah State Park, and Rhododendron State Park. (Parks)
Edward MacDowell Lake is one of the few Federal parks in the state of New Hampshire. Other Federal Parks in New Hampshire are Franklin Falls Dam and Blackwater Dam both of which are in Franklin, New Hampshire. Elm Brook Park in Contoocook. Otter Brook Lake and Surry Mountain Lake both in Keene, New Hampshire. (Parks)
In 1907 the MacDowell Colony settled in Peterborough founded by the wife of Edward MacDowell, Marian before his death in 1908. This artist community was a dream of the composer built on their farm property in Peterborough. Soon the colony became nationally known as the “Peterborough Idea.” The idea drew figures such as Grover Cleveland, Andrew Carnegie, and J. Pierpont Morgan who then created a fund in Edward’s name to make his dream a reality. (About MacDowell)
More than a decade before the MacDowell Dam was built floods devastated the area bringing about the need to create a form of flood control to protect the surrounding area. Construction of the dam began June 1936 following several devastating floods in New England that Spring. An abnormally high snowpack created by uncommonly freezing temperatures was the primary source of the flooding that year. Then on March 9, a front brought heavy rains of up to 5 inches in parts of New Hampshire and Maine for the next five days. Two more storms drenched the region over the next two weeks. Heavy rain and melting snow caused ice jams on the rivers affecting the entire area of the Connecticut River. Between 150 to 200 people killed by the floods. A hurricane soon followed creating more devastation making the Corp of Army Engineers act. (Farrar)
Originally the lake was named the “West Peterborough Reservoir,” but a name change took place in 1949. The name, Edward MacDowell Lake, honors the late composer who brought about the idea of the Edward MacDowell Colony that formed on his farm in Peterborough, New Hampshire many years earlier. (Farrar)
Incorporated in 1760, Peterborough was charted in 1737 by the Massachusetts legislature. The first settlers arrived in 1739. The first year the census was taken was in 1790 with a population of 861 residents. Today there is a population of about 6,387 people. Which would be about 168.0 people per square of land area. Peterborough has about 38 square miles of land area and 0.4 miles of inland water area. (Security)
Floods brought about by abnormally high snowfall and rainfall that impact the Contoocook River avoided flood damages of about $20.8 million since the construction of the Edward MacDowell Dam protecting the natural environment in the surrounding area along with multiple communities, businesses, and agriculture. (Engineers, 2016)
The Natural Environment of Peterborough’s Edward MacDowell Lake is made up of forests of conifers, oaks, birch, and maples. Farming did take place in the past but is not as abundant in the present time most likely due to the poor fertility nature of the soil that consists mostly of clay, sand, and large rock formations. (Handler, 1985)
In fact, Edward MacDowell and his wife, Marian, used their farmland to be the host site of the MacDowell Colony. This establishment created for inspiration in the local artists who would reside on the property. Many famous artists have visited the region over the years. Edward MacDowell Colony is a haven for artists. (About MacDowell, 2014)
When the lake and dam were created the most important feature at the time was to save the residents from devastating floods from ice jams and unusually high rainfall. Today the natural setting of beauty and nature inspires artists of all types, such as painters, writers, musicians, and photographers. Edward MacDowell Lake provides not only recreation but also the wonder of nature to inspire creation in today’s artists. This lake not only provides a means of flood control but it also is a great place to hike, fish, picnic, or swim. (Engineers, 2016)
Edward MacDowell Lake is the site of the Edward MacDowell Dam in Peterborough, New Hampshire. The dam was built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to alleviate damage from flooding waters along the Contoocook River. The dam has three flood gates that are used to control the flow of water when the Contoocook and Merrimack Rivers are high.
The Hydrologists and engineers make flood control decisions in the Reservoir Control Center in Concord, Massachusetts. They use satellite technology to form decisions regarding the water control for New England by using a highly sophisticated “Automated Data Collection System” that will relay the level of water in the lakes, rivers and weather conditions of New England to a RCC computer system. The data then is collected by the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite. (Engineers)
The first GOES satellite was launched in 1966 as part of an experiment to gather images of the Earth. Altogether, six satellites were initiated as part of the research which was successful. Then the Synchronous Meteorological Satellite was launched in 1974 and became the first operational satellite able to detect meteorological conditions from one location. After the experiments proved to be successful the first satellite that is part of the GOES program was launched from Cape Canaveral, FL in 1975 and was renamed GOES-I when it reached orbit. (Dunbar)
Several more satellites launched over the years. GOES 4-7 brought about Visible Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer (VISSR) and Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) that enabled the measurement of temperatures and moistures. These satellites provided data on the altitudes and temperatures of clouds which allowed more accurate weather predictions. Over the years, the satellites kept improving. Today they can observe and predict local weather events such as thunderstorms, tornadoes, fog, hurricanes, flash floods and other severe weather. They have even proven helpful with monitoring volcanic eruptions, forest fires, and even dust storms. (Dunbar)
The information obtained from the GOES satellites have allowed the RCC to determine the best flood control action that needs to take place by the project staff in regards to opening and closing the three Edward MacDowell Dam flood control gates. (Engineers)
The Edward MacDowell Dam would not be built in time to prevent several historical buildings from burning because a flood prevented the fire department from responding in time. (Farrar)
Problems with the watershed of the Mississippi, Ohio, and Tennessee Rivers began the political action to create flood control. A flood in 1907 of Pittsburgh that devastated the steel mill city combined with another flood of Ohio in 1913 started the political pressure by representatives to form a House Committee on Flood Control in 1916 and then passed the Flood Control Act the very next year. The congressional act is a major landmark in political history because Congress allocated funding for flood control for the first time. (Billington, Jackson and Melosi)
The Corps were to provide long-term planning that involved local cost sharing. Whenever flood control studies were presented, they were to include comprehensive assessments of the watershed or watersheds. (Billington, Jackson and Melosi)
When the Mississippi Flood that Herbert Hoover called the, “greatest disaster in peace times in our history,” killed between 250 to 500 people and flooded over sixteen million acres destroying buildings, homes and displacing people proved that the “levees only” policy was an enormous error. (Billington, Jackson and Melosi)
After flooding took place in the 1930s in the Peterborough, New Hampshire region money was allocated in 1936 through the Flood Control Act of 1936. The flood affected nearly the entire length of the Connecticut River. Edward MacDowell Dam was built after about ten years of planning for the 1,000-foot structure. (Farrar)
Flooding is always a major concern for communities. People lose property, homes, and lives from floods. Over the years, the creation of the Edward MacDowell Lake provided government and scientific official the ability to prevent or control flooding within the Monadnock area. This lake not only offered flood prevention it has become a wonderful natural setting for everyone’s enjoyment as a Federal Park.
About MacDowell. 2014. web. 16 April 2017. http://www.macdowellcolony.org
Billington, David P., Donald C Jackson and Martin V. Melosi. The History of Large Federal Dams: Planning, Design, and Construction in the Era of Big Dams. Denver: U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation, 2005. Pdf. 7 May 2017. https://www.nps.gov
Dunbar, Brian. GOES Overview and History. 8 October 2015. 30 April 2017. https://www.nasa.gov
Engineers, US Army Corps of. “Edward MacDowell Lake Flood Risk Management Project.” New England District (2016). Web. 1 April 2017. http://www.nae.usace.army.mil
Farrar, Casey. “Born From Flood.” Keene Sentinel (2010). Print. 1 April 2017. http://www.sentinelsource.com
Fuhrman, Russell L. “Rules And Regulations.” Governing Public Use (2005). Pdf. 1 April 2017. http://www.nae.usace.army.mil
Handler, John F. “Soil Survey of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Western Part.” (1985). Pdf. 1 April 2017. https://www.nrcs.usda.gov
Parks, NH State. Edward MacDowell Lake. n.d. 9 April 2017. http://www.nhstateparks.com
Security, NH Employment. Community Profile Peterborough NH. n.d. Web. 22 April 2017. https://www.nhes.nh.gov
November 17th I attended the Monadnock Writers’ Group meeting at the Peterborough, NH library. We meet every third Saturday and we are visited by a guest speaker, except the December and June meetings. These two meetings are set aside for the Members Read Around. This is where the members read a ten minute excerpt from their own works, so they can hear and share their voice with the group.
This month our guest speaker was Joe Hurka. He is an interesting writer. His first published work was a memoir which he wrote while his father was still alive. Fields of Light: A Son Remembers His Heroic Father, won the Pushcart Editors’ Book Award.
Fields of Light takes place during the era of war between communism and democracy, during a time of Hitler and World War II. It is a tale of espionage and heroic feats by a man who has since left our world.
Joe has published several other titles as well. Some of these titles are short stories published in literary quarterlies like Ploughshares, Agni Review Dos Passos Review and numerous others.
Before, which is published by Thomas Dunne Books is his only fictional novel.
He shared with us his experience with St. Martin’s Press, how one bad review made the publishing house drop the marketing of his book all together without notifying him that they were going to do this.
When a member asked about his writing process he offered up his thoughts on the matter. “Even when you are in a slump and you are doing nothing but staring at the screen you are still writing, believe it or not. The brain and the consciousness are still at work creating the story that must be shared with the world. It is its destiny to be told.”
Yea! I finally got to the end of the story. Now for the rest of the month and part of next month I can begin working on the edit of Road Salt. I am so looking forward to publishing this story. It has been like writing a homework assignment but I think it will be well worth the pain and suffering my characters are going through. They will all be able to look forward to their appearance in their own stories in the rest of the series and each one will finally have their happy ending as they enter recovery.
I have named the series Wings from Ashes as each of the characters has burned the bridges in their lives to their family and friends while they struggle with the different phases of substance abuse and addiction.
Friends of Choice is the first book in this series and was written two years ago. My characters are still making the bad choices in their lives, but many others like themselves make the same mistake over and over again before getting what life is all about.
During the edit process there will be scene building with the missing description I so hate to divulge in and then there is the character building and I plan on doing a lot of that with this story.
So if I do not see you here on this loop, have a Happy Thanksgiving.
Today was my very first book signing. It went well. I was promoting my newest book Witch Book at the Toadstool Bookshop in Peterborough, NH.
I wasn’t sure how this was going to go. It was my very first time speaking in public. I was told that I did better than I thought I was going to do. But I did have help.
My good friend, Linda Kepner was there with me. She was promoting her newest release Second Chance. We were Linda’s in stereo.
Linda prompted me along, teaching me to walk the walk and talk the talk. She is so good at this book signing thing, she doesn’t even need notes to look at anymore.
Now we are trying to plan our next event.
I guess LK and her husband Terry are looking at setting us up for an event at BooksaMillion in Concord, NH. I’m not sure how long this will take. Terry says that there is a lot of red tape to go through, but I guess he is working on it.
We had a pretty good turnout considering there were a lot of different events going on in the area.
There was a quilt show in Peterborough, a Scarecrow festival in Jaffrey, and an Art Tour in the Monadnock region. Oh and there was a pumpkin festival happening in Milford as well.
I had a wonderful surprise too. Two of my former high school classmates made the trip to Peterborough to hear me speak and each walked away with a signed book. Then there was a co-worker of mine, she too show up to give me support.
My son was there as well. He had brought an old friend with him, one who had gotten into some mishap with him when his life was taking its down turn. It was neat to see how he loved seeing the dedication in my first book Friends of Choice was said to be to him and his sister. He made a point to point this out to his friend and the Acknowledgement part about the Phoenix House Rehab.
This goes to show how much his life has change in the past couple of years.
I found some more inspiration to get Road Salt done today. Several people in our audience mentioned how they will be looking forward to reading Road Salt when it comes out and voice how they liked the topic of Bath Salts. So I had better get that butt in the chair and get writing again. – It’s 30% done at this time.
During the last round of Round of Words in 80 days I never really made any of my goals consistently.
First I tried to blog more, but that got in the way of my regular writing time.
Then there was the inspirational post about keeping a log about what our daily activities are throughout a day. This was to help us discover if there was any where one could become more efficient in their daily writing activities.
What I discovered was I was doing more blogging, but less writing and not setting aside any time for the other things I like to do in my daily life.
So for the new goals this round I will include the things that I like to do besides writing. Hopefully I will be able to find some kind of consistency with not just my writing. That means I now need to set aside time for knitting mittens and hats for my grand-daughter for Christmas. And then there is my other favorite thing to do – World of Warcraft.
Blizzard Entertainment just released a new expansion for World of Warcraft. I now have a Panda Monk named Musuu. I love that panda. It is kick ass with round house kicks and fists of fury. So I have to be able to find time to play this game too, maybe a minimum of three nights a week and one day on the weekend.
Knitting will be for only an hour or two a night. The rest of my time I will try to dedicate to writing.
Blogging will become limited to three nights a week instead of everyday.
Fridays will still be set aside to recap my favorite books of this past year.
Hopefully I will be able to finish up Road Salt before NaNoWriMo happens next month.
Stop by the Linky List to see more ROW80 Goals for round 4.
Oh and I almost forgot to mention the Book Signing Event – I will be hosting my very first local book signing this Saturday at The Toadstool Bookshop in Peterborough, New Hampshire. I will be there with my friend, Linda Kepner.
<- See previous post for more information about this event.
I’m excited and nervous. But I am sure it will be fun.